A More Accurate Method To Estimate Glomerular Filtration Rate from Serum Creatinine: A New Prediction Equation
The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is traditionally considered the best overall index of renal function in health and disease (1). Because GFR is difficult to measure in clinical practice, most clinicians estimate the GFR from the serum creatinine concentration. However, the accuracy of this estimate is limited because the serum creatinine concentration is affected by factors other than creatinine filtration (2, 3). To circumvent these limitations, several formulas have been developed to estimate creatinine clearance from serum creatinine concentration, age, sex, and body size (4-12). Despite more recent studies that have related serum creatinine concentration to GFR (13-24), no formula is more widely used to predict creatinine clearance than that proposed by Cockcroft and Gault (4). This formula is used to detect the onset of renal insufficiency, to adjust the dose of drugs excreted by the kidney, and to evaluate the effectiveness of therapy for progressive renal disease.
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